Heart Disease

An Overview of Common Heart Disease


If you are suffering from chest pains, palpitation, and symptoms of high blood pressure, then your body might just be indicating that your heart is not doing so well. Hypertensive, cardiovascular, inflammatory, ischemic, and rheumatic heart diseases are some of the most common kinds of heart diseases. The scientific terms may seem like unfamiliar technical jargon, but if researched carefully, the varying conditions of the heart may not only become clearer to you, but also more relevant to what you may be going through.

Hypertensive Heart Diseases

Hypertensive heart diseases result from hypertension leading to the rupture of certain weak points or budge within the blood vessels which can be fatal, and is known as aneurysm. On the other hand, there is atherosclerosis, which is described as the passage of blood becoming difficult because of the fatty deposits within the vessels, resulting in high pressure. Both are more or less interlinked.

Hypertensive heart diseases consist of high blood pressure which lowers the body’s overall immunity. This paves way for various infections to affect the body and further deteriorate the condition of the heart. Like how this can be linked to blockage of arteries, it can also be linked to adrenal tumor or damaged kidneys.

Cardiovascular Heart Diseases

Cardiovascular heart diseases are also caused by atherosclerosis, narrowing the blood vessels to such an extent that sufficient blood may not flow to the brain, usually causing strokes. This is not just limited to the brain; but other parts of the body may also be endangered as well, often leading to transient ischemic attack.

Cardiovascular diseases generally refer to not just one occurrence, but any and all cases involving damaged circulation of the heart. Common heart problems such as heart attacks, strokes, angina, etc. fall in this particular category. All of this can be attributed to the same problem of fatty substances blocking the blood vessels, thus reducing blood flow in the body.

Inflammatory Heart Diseases

Inflammatory heart diseases cannot always be attributed to bad habits and a stressful lifestyle.  In this particular case, the heart muscles or the inner or outer part of the sac covering the heart inflames. This inflammation is caused by infections that occur inside the body, or even due to toxin elements that do not get cleaned by the body’s wastage removal system.

Inflammatory heart diseases are particularly troublesome since they affect a number of areas in the heart. From the membrane sac to the inner muscles to the lining of the heart; everything gets damaged when inflammation occurs.

Cerebrovascular Heart Diseases

This category of cardiac issues is linked to strokes, or any incident where the heart fails to provide sufficient blood to the brain. Since the brain is the mastermind of the body and requires constant nutrition to work at full capacity, even the slightest lapse in blood flow can cause cerebral issues. This can range from sudden strokes, migraines, blurred vision, dizziness, or even paralysis.

Effects of cerebrovascular heart diseases further fall under transient ischemic attacks. During these attacks, the brain temporarily loses touch of its function which can faint the individual. This can also halt movement of one part of the body, specific limbs, or cause double vision. Sudden constraint in speech and reaction can occur from transient ischemic attacks too. Unlike most heart diseases, the effects are usually temporary with little chance of permanent damage.

Rheumatic Heart Diseases

In rheumatic heart diseases, the heart valves harden, preventing it from functioning properly. Patients who have suffered from single or multiple incidents of rheumatic fever are more prone to this condition. One interesting point to note here is that conditions leading to rheumatic heart diseases occur mostly during childhood.

Specifically, this particular heart disease is caused by streptococcal infection, which can cause lasting damage on the valves and weaken the cardiac muscles. The protective sac covering the heart also gets affected, which furthermore cause restricted blood flow. Since the valves have trouble opening and closing as they naturally should, the heart lags behind in its role and significantly ruin other bodily processes as well.

Congenital Heart Diseases

While not as common as the other ones in the list, this is still a serious issue for many patients. Congenital heart diseases are the ones which develop inside the womb, meaning the baby is born with a problematic heart. This may lead to the baby not having properly formed valves, or holes between the heart chambers.

Seriousness of congenital heart diseases ranges from those that can be treated by surgery, to the ones that can cause permanent impairment to a growing child. Early diagnosis is the key here, since it’s the only way to combat this problem is discovering it as fast as possible. An ultrasound scan in about 20 weeks since birth can sustain the adverse effects of this predicament.

Heart Failure

While not a specific category of diseases, this general incident is a huge issue for anyone depending on their age and health. Symptoms for heart failure include chronic fatigue and swelling body parts. Once you reach a certain age you may start to feel constant fatigue and this could be linked to a heart condition. If you are losing too much energy too fast, you should check your nearest cardiologist to ensure you don’t face heart failure in the future. Generally, these symptoms occur due to reduced blood flow in specific areas of the body.

Causes of heart failure are far and wide in between, though the most common out of them would be high blood pressure. This simply means the pressure that is built up in your arteries as blood passes through them. Blockage of these passages can build up pressure and cause strokes, severe continuation of which will weaken your body to the point of heart failure. High blood pressure increases the size of the heart and reduces effective blood flow; meaning the body parts don’t receive enough nutrition to function properly.

Cardiomyopathy, which are inherited cardiac disorders, can also lead to heart failures. Viral infections, uncontrolled alcohol consumption, problems with the heart valves, etc. can also be causes of heart failures. Basically, you need to keep your health in a constant healthy state, otherwise you run the risk of developing symptoms.

Although there may be certain genetic predispositions in certain cases that makes an individual more susceptible to heart diseases due to genetics, proper preventive measures such as diet and exercises may allow one to cheat their genes.

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